GemTOF Publications: 

Wang H.A.O., Krzemnicki M.S., Chalain J-P, Lefèvre P., Zhou W., Cartier L., 2016. Simultaneous High Sensitivity Trace-Element and Isotopic Analysis of Gemstones Using Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. The Journal of Gemmology, 35(3), 212-223. 

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Wang H.A.O., Cartier L.E., Krzemnicki M.S., 2016. GemTOF: A Pioneering Technique in Gemology. Incolor, Fall 2016

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Further Reading: 

Abduriyim A., Kitawaki H., 2006. Determination of the origin of blue sapphires using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Journal of Gemmology, 30(1/2), 23-36.

Burger M., Gundlach-Graham A., Allner S., Schwarz G., Wang H.A.O., Gyr L., Burgener S., Hattendorf B., Grolimund D., Günther D., 2015. High-Speed, high-resolution, multielemental LA-ICP-TOFMS imaging: Part II. Critical evaluation of quantitative three-dimensional imaging of major, minor, and trace elements in geological samples. Analytical Chemistry, 87(16), 8259-8267. DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b01977

Borovinskaya O., Hattendorf B., Tanner M., Gschwind S., Günther D., 2013. A prototype of a new inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometer providing temporally resolved, multi-element detection of short signals generated by single particles and droplets. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 28, 226-233. DOI: 10.1039/C2JA30227F

Coenraads R.R., Sutherland F.L., Kinny, P.D., 1990. The origin of sapphires: U-Pb dating of zircon inclusions sheds new light. Mineralogical Magazine, 54, 113-122.

Giuliani, G., Chaussidon, M., Schubnel, H.J., Piat, D.H., Rollion-Bard, C., France-Lanord, C., Giard, D., de Narvaez, D., Rondeau, B., 2000. Oxygen Isotopes and Emerald Trade Routes Since Antiquity. Science, 287, 631-633.

Graham I., Sutherland L., Zaw K., Nechaev V., Khanchuk A., 2008. Advances in our understanding of the gem corundum deposits of the West Pacific continental margins intraplate basaltic fields. Ore Geology Reviews, 34, 200–215. DOI:10.1016/j.oregeorev.2008.04.006

Guillong M., Günther D., 2001. Quasi ‘non-destructive’ laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry fingerprinting of sapphires. Spectrochimica Acta Part B, Atomic Spectroscopy, 56(7), 1219-1231. DOI: 10.1016/S0584-8547(01)00185-9

Guillong M., Horn I., Günther D., 2003. A comparison of 266 nm, 213 nm and 193 nm produced from a single solid state Nd:YAG laser for laser ablation ICP-MS. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 18, 1224–1230. DOI: 10.1039/B305434A

Halicki P., 2013, Part I: Chemical characterisation of gemquality sapphires from metamorphic and magmatic host rocks: a LA-ICP-MS study. Master thesis, University Basel, Switzerland, 180 pages. Supervised by Dr. Michael S. Krzemnicki.

Krzemnicki M.S, Hänni H.A., Walters R.A., 2004. A new method for detecting Be diffusion-treated sapphires: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Gems & Gemology, 40(4), 314-322.

Link K., 2015. Age determination of zircon inclusions in faceted sapphires. Journal of Gemmology, 34(8), 692-700.

Longerich L.P., Jackson S.E., Günther D., 1996. Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometric Transient Signal Data Acquisition and Analyte Concentration Calculation. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 11, 899-904.

Pay D., Shigley J., Padua P., 2014. Carbon Isotope Studies Reveal Diamond Growth History. retrieved on 26. Aug. 2016.

Pettke T., Oberli F., Audétat A., Guillong M., Simon A.C., Hanley J.J., Klemm L.M., 2012. Recent developments in element concentration and isotope ratio analysis of individual fluid inclusions by laser ablation single and multiple collector ICP-MS. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 10–38.

Rankin A.H., Greenwood J., Hargreaves D., 2003. Chemical fingerprinting of some East African gem rubies by laser ablation ICP-MS. Journal of Gemmology, 28(8), 473-482.

Sutherland F.L., Bosshart G., Fanning C.M., Hoskin P.W.O., Coenraads R.R., 2002. Sapphire crystallization, age and origin, Ban Huai Sai, Laos: age based on zircon inclusions. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 20, 841-849.

Sutherland F.L., Duroc-Danner J.M., Meffre S., 2008. Age and origin of gem corundum and zircon megacrysts from the Mercaderes-Rio Mayo area, South-west Colombia, South America. Ore Geology Reviews, 24, 155-168.

Sutherland F.L., Zaw K., Meffre S., Giuliani G., Fallick A.E., Graham I.T., Webb G.B., 2009. Gem-corundum megacrysts from east Australian basalt fields: trace elements, oxygen isotopes and origins. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 56, 1003–1022.
DOI: 10.1080/08120090903112109